He studied veterinary medicine at the Dick Vet, University of Edinburgh. He pursued veternary profession for nearly ten years at home. He was one of the founders of the rubber company.
Observing his son having trouble with tricycle; in 1887, he developed first practical pneumatic or inflatable tyre for his son’s tricycle, fitting it to a wooden disc 96cm across in the yard of his home in Belfast. The tyre was an inflated tube of sheet rubber. He then took his wheel and a metal wheel from his son’s tricycle and rolled both across the yard together.
His development of the pneumatic tyre arrived at a crucial time in the development of road transport.
The materials of modern pneumatic tires are synthetic rubber, natural rubber, fabric and wire, along with carbon black and other chemical compounds. A tire carcass is composed of several parts: the tread, tread lug, tread void, rain groove, sipe, wear bar, bead, sidewall, shoulder, and ply.
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